. twenty eight parrot
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- An Australian Parrot
(Click on photo to enlarge)
- Within the genus Barnardius (the Australian Ringnecks)
there are 4 sub-species. The common names of the sub-species are :
Cloncurry Parrot, Mallee Ringneck Parrot, Port Lincoln Parrot,
Twenty Eight Parrot. All these sub-species will hybridize where
their natural range overlap in the wild (as well as in captivity).
Pure sub-species are easily differentiated and care should be taken
to ensure no captive hybridization takes place.
- Scientific Name: Barnardius
- Common Name/s:
TWENTY EIGHT PARROT
- Sub Species in country / area of origin:
- Origin / Distribution: South-west
corner of Western Australia.
- Habitat In Wild: Jarrah and Karri
forests. Higher rainfall areas than the other 3 ringnecks.
Generally along or near a tree lined
river or a watercourse.
- Status In Wild: ?
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
- Age To Sexual Maturity: ?
- Lifespan (estimate): approx.
15 or more
- Sexing: Monomorphic
- Mutations: Yes, several.
- Availability: Bird dealers
- Temperament: This genus generally
have an aggressive nature and housed one pair per aviary.
They are very territorial birds especially at breeding season.
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx.) $180
- Description Of Adults:
Twenty eight Parrot is a member of the genus BARNARDIUS along with the
Cloncurry Parrot, Mallee Ringneck Parrot and the Port Lincoln.
These birds all have a green body and a yellow ring or collar around
their necks and are referred to as Australian Ringnecks.
- Length: Approx 380 - 420 mm (or approx 15
- 16.5 inches).
Largest of the 4 sub-species.
- Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer
photo above -
top right of page. (Click on photo to enlarge).
- Weight: Approx. 140 - 200 gms (or approx 5
- 7 ozs)
Level Of Knowledge
Required: Beginner /
Intermediate / Advanced /
Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations & By-Laws:
Refer to " Government Laws " web page.
Refer to " Housing Birds "
web page for general details on the housing of Australian Parrots or
read on for specific details for this parrot.
This genus generally have an aggressive nature and housed one pair
per aviary. They are a large bird and prefer a large aviary and like to
chew on eucalypt branches.
Minimum aviary size is about 3 metres (10 feet) in length and one metre
(3 - 3.5 feet) wide and 2100mm (7 feet) high. Double wiring between each aviary flight is
Non-toxic leafy branches, such as eucalypts, can be placed in the aviary for the birds to chew up.
This will entertain the birds, help minimize boredom and give the birds
some beak exercise. Natural branches of various diameters, and placed at
various angles, can be used for perches. These
natural perches may be chewed by the birds and may need to be replaced
regularly. The birds may chew any flowers and fruiting
bodies on the branches.
Diet / Feeding: Refer to " Feeding Birds "
web page for general details on the feeding of Australian Parrots or
read on for specific details for this parrot.
The Twenty Eight Parrot
requires a quality parrot seed mix along with a
variety of fruits, green leafy vegetables and vegetables. Seeding
grasses and green can be offered. Soaked or sprouted seeds if available.
Nuts such as peanuts and almonds will be consumed.
Commercial parrot pellets may form part
of a balanced food intake.
A basic overview only. Dimensions are typical / average and
can vary widely, influenced by the owner's preferences and the birds
preferences. Parent bird's preferences can also be influenced by
the size and type of nest-box / log in which the bird was hatched and reared.
If space allows, offering a choice of sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their
own choice. Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and
been successful in it, offer that one to them each breeding season.
Try and keep that one for their exclusive use. Once a pair has
chosen its log or nest-box, the other ones can generally be removed.
If the "spare" boxes are to be removed and moved to another flight,
ensure the log / nest box is cleaned to ensure the receptacle has the
minimal contamination of mites, parasites and pathogens.
All Australian parrots will breed in hollow logs.
- Nesting months:
July to November
- Log / Nest-box:
/ depth 600 mm (or approx. 24 inches)
- Log internal
diameter approx. 160 - 200 mm. (or approx. 6.5 - 8
- Nest-box internal dimensions approx. 160 - 180
mm square (or approx. 7 inches square)
- Diameter of
hole approx 75 - 80 mm (or approx 3 inches)
- Inspection hole (square or round)
(or approx 4 inches)
- A removable top / lid can be a
useful access point for inspections and for cleaning.
- Location and height
of log / nest-box = high in the covered part of the aviary but not
too close to the roof to be affected by heat from the roof in the
- Angle of log or nest box = 45 degrees through to
- Nesting log / nest-box material: Decomposed non-toxic saw
dust, wood shavings or other suitable material/s.
- Who incubates the egg/s:
Hen / cock / both share.
A sturdy log is recommended.
Timber nest-boxes generally require a climbing structure attached inside
the box below the entrance hole. Both logs and nests need an entrance
hole/opening about 100 mm (about 4 inches) from the top. Many species of
parrots like the entrance hole to be just big enough to squeeze through.
More details on
parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of
parrot nestbox/log photos
can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos" in
the navigation bars.
Egg Colour White. Clutch/s
per year 1 or 2. Eggs per nest 4 - 6. Incubation approx.
20 - 21 days. Fledge approx 5 - 6 weeks. Independent approx.
another 2 - 3 weeks.
Young should be removed from the parent
birds after they have become fully independent to avoid possible
aggression from a parent bird and to allow the adult pair to start
Artificial incubation and hand rearing or fostering will not
be covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to
be attempted here.
Refer to "Avian Health Issues"
web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control and Quarantine
requirements of new bird/s or sick bird/s are considered to
require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web
site. Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page option.
- Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace. Keep
updating your knowledge and skills.
General References: Refer to references listed on "Book References"
- Australian Aviculture
- A/A Vol 58 No. 11 Nov 2004 Page 241 - 244
- A/A Vol 39 No. 4 Apr 1985 Page
86-88 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 30 No. 1 Jan 1976 Page
- A/A Vol 29 No. 10 Oct 1975 Page
- A/A Vol 6 No. 1 Jan 1952 Page 7.
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 17 Issue 4. Aug-Sept 2004 Page
- ABK Vol 14 Issue 8. Apr-May 2001 Page 443
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