Janday Conure
PO  Box 126 Mitcham Vic 3132 ( Victoria, Australia )

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. Janday conure
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    janday pair photo
  • Scientific Name: Aratinga jandaya                                    (Click on photo to enlarge)
  • Sub Species in country / area of origin:  None
  • Origin / Distribution:  Brazil, South America.
  • Habitat In Wild: Mountainous areas as well as forested areas.
  • Status In Wild: Currently secure as it has adapted to farmlands and urban areas.
  • Status In (Australian) Captivity: Secure.
  • Age To Sexual Maturity: About 24 months.
  • Adult plumage: attained at about ? months
  • Best breeding years (estimate):  ?
  • Lifespan (estimate):  approx. 20 or more years
  • Sexing: Monomorphic / Dimorphic. Surgical or DNA sexing is often necessary.
  • Colour mutations:  ?
  • Availability: Bird dealers.
  • Temperament: Colourful and affectionate birds.  Can be very noisy and is generally un-suitable for a residential area.  Generally good breeders.  Can be bred in cages or an aviary. Best kept one pair per aviary.  Like to chew timber.  Can make an excellent companion bird or pet, especially if only one is kept.  However there is one proviso and that is that these birds as pets can be very demanding of your time and attention.  They may sleep in their nest box year round.
  • Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: - Normal colour (Approx.) $1000 - $1200
  • Description Of Adults: NOTE: Not to be confused with or bred with the Sun Conure.
  1. Length: Approx. 300 mm (or approx. 12 inches)
  2. Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer photo of pair - top right of page.
  3. Weight: Approx.110 - 130 gms (or approx  4 ozs)

A new conure species has been identified in Brazil.  The new species has been called the Sulphur-breasted conure.  Scientific name is Aratinga pintoi.  These birds look similar to an immature Sun conure.  "This species appears to be a kind of "missing link" between the Sun and Janday Conure".  Refer to ABK Vol. 18 Issue 9. Jun-July 2005 Page 526-527.

Aviary Notes:

Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.

Government Regulations & By-Laws: Refer to " Government Laws " web page.

Housing Requirements: Refer to " Conures " web page for general details on the housing of Conures.

Can be bred in a cage or in an aviary. A minimum cage size of about 900mm - 1000mm (about 3 - 3.5 feet) long,  600mm (2 ft.) wide and 600mm (2 ft) high is suitable. The nest box can be externally attached to the cage with an entry hole of about 70 - 80 mm (3in.).
An aviary should be at least 2 metres (7 feet) long. An aviary of 3 metres (10 feet) long is preferable.

Conures are best housed as one pair per cage or aviary and it is generally unwise to have any other birds in the same aviary.  They may kill any bird they do not like.

Conures indoors demand a lot of attention and will need a good supply of toys to entertain themselves when you are not around.  They need a good supply of branches to chew up.

Metal frame aviary is necessary.

Leafy branches can be placed in the aviary or cage for the birds to chew up. This will entertain the birds, help minimize boredom and give the birds some beak exercise. Natural branches can be used for perches. These natural perches will be chewed by the birds and may need to be replaced regularly.  Check with local aviculturalists or an avian veterinarian to ascertain which shrub/tree species are non toxic and safe to give to the birds.

Diet / Feeding: Refer to " Conures " web page for general details on the feeding of Conures.

Along with a quality seed mix, they like a variety of fruits and vegetables. Most fruits (except avocado) people eat will be eaten by conures. Most vegetables (except onion) people eat will be eaten by conures. They love corn-on-the-cob. Thawed frozen vegetables can be used when fresh is not available.

Nesting: A basic overview only. Dimensions are typical / average and can vary widely, influenced by the owner's preferences and the birds preferences. Parent bird's preferences can also be influenced by the size and type of nest-box / log in which the bird was hatched and reared. If space allows, offering a choice of sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their own choice. Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and been successful in it, offer that one to them each breeding season. Try and keep that one for their exclusive use. Once a pair has chosen its log or nest-box, the other ones can generally be removed. If the "spare" boxes are to be removed and moved to another flight, ensure the log / nest-box is cleaned to ensure the receptacle has the minimal contamination of mites, parasites and pathogens.

They may roost in the breeding box year round.

  • Nesting months: May breed year round if conditions are suitable.
  • Log / Nest-box:
    • Length / depth  400 - 600 mm (or approx  16 - 24 inches)
    • Log internal diameter approx. 250 mm (or approx. 10 inches)
    • Nest-box internal dimensions approx. 200 - 250 mm square (or approx. 8 - 10 inches square)
    • Diameter of entrance hole approx. 70 - 80 mm (or approx. 3 inches)
    • Inspection hole (square or round) 100 mm (or approx 4 inches)
    • A removable top / lid can be a useful access point for inspections and for cleaning.
    • Location and height of log / nest-box: = in a sheltered part of the aviary and at about 1.5 - 1.8 metres height, but not too close to the roof to cause heat problems in the hotter months.
    • Angle of log or nest box = 45 degrees through to vertical.  Most boxes are vertical.
  • Nesting log / nest-box material: Decomposed non-toxic saw dust, wood shavings or other suitable material/s.
  • Who incubates the egg/s: Hen / cock / both share.

Timber nest-boxes generally require a climbing structure attached inside the box below the entrance hole. Both logs and nests need an entrance hole/opening about 100mm (about 4 inches) from the top. Many species of parrots like the entrance hole to be just big enough to squeeze through.

More details on parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of parrot nestbox/log photos can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests" and "parrot nestbox photos" web pages.  Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests" and "parrot nestbox photos" in the navigation bars.

Breeding: Egg Colour White.  Clutch/s per year 2.  Eggs per nest 3 - 4.  Incubation approx. 23 - 26 days.  Fledge approx. 7 - 8 weeks.  Independent approx. another 2 - 3 weeks.

They have a very high fertility rate. If more than 4 eggs are laid and hatch, the hen may not feed all the young so it is usual practise to remove the youngest bird/s and hand feed those young. Birds to be raised as pet or companion birds are often removed from the nest/parent birds at about 2.5 - 3 weeks of age and hand raised.

Best breeding results occur with only one pair per aviary. Young are often taken from the nest at 2 - 3 weeks of age if they are to be hand raised.

The adult Janday conure is usually a good reliable parent and can be trusted to raise their own young. The removal of the eggs or young birds is often done to increase the number of young produced per season. The parent birds should be allowed to raise at least one clutch per season. Many of the hand raised birds are sold into the pet bird market.

General practise is to remove the young birds from the parent birds and as soon as they are fully independent so as to avoid possible aggression from a parent.

Will hybridize with a wide range of conures.

Artificial incubation and hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.

Health Issues:  Refer to "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.

  • Worming and parasite control and Quarantine requirements of new bird/s or sick bird/s are considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web site. Refer "Avian Health Issues" web page option.
  • Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace. Keep updating your knowledge and skills.

General References:  Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.

Specific References:

  • Australian Aviculture

  • A/A Vol 59 No. 9 Sept 2005 Page 203-204.
  • A/A Vol 32 No. 10 Oct 1978 Page 148-150 ( Inc photo)
  • Australian Birdkeeper
  • ABK Vol 18 Issue 9. Jun-July 2005 Page 526-527 (New conure species in Brazil- Sulphur breasted conure).  

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