PO  Box 126 Mitcham Vic 3132 ( Victoria, Australia )

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. Galah
Several young Galahs are available from
Burwood Pets & Birds
(03) 9809 1212
Burwood pets & Birds
1415 Toorak Rd Camberwell, 3124
    galah on log Galahs preening
  • An Australian Parrot                                (Click on photos to enlarge)
  • Scientific Name:  Cacatua roseicapilla
  • Sub Species:  Possibly 3
  • Origin / Distribution:  Most of Australia including Tasmania.
  • Habitat In Wild:  Most Australian habitat.  Has benefited by the cultivation of farmland.  Will forage in urban areas, parks and gardens.
  • Status In Wild:  Secure.  One of the most common of the parrots in the wild.  Has adapted well to farming and suburban areas.  Regarded as a pest in some agricultural areas due to the damage Galahs can cause to ripening crops.
  • Status In (Australian) Captivity:  Secure, although not often bred in captivity.  Often kept as a pet or companion bird.
  • Age To Sexual Maturity:  About 3 to 4 years.
  • Lifespan (estimate):  approx. 20 or more years
  • Sexing:  Monomorphic / Dimorphic  Differences are subtle.  Eye colour is a good method.
  • Colour mutations:  Yes
  • Availability:  Bird dealers
  • Temperament:  Kept mostly as a companion bird or pet and not often kept for the purpose of captive breeding.  Most young birds sold are legally trapped wild birds.  Galahs tend to be lazy and can be prone to obesity.  Pairs best kept one pair per aviary.  Some learn to mimic human speech and "talk".
  • Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: - Normal colour (Approx.) $60
  • Description Of Adults:
  1. Length: Approx. 300 - 350 mm (or approx. 12 - 14 inches)
  2. Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer photos above. Hen on nest log.  (Click on photo to enlarge)
  3. Weight: Approx. 300 - 350 gms (or approx. 10 - 12.5 ozs)
Aviary Notes:

Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.

Government Regulations & By-Laws:  Refer to " Government Laws " web page.

Housing Requirements:  Refer to " Housing Birds " web page for general details on the housing of Cockatoos or read on for specific details for this parrot.

An aviary of 4 metres long will allow these birds to be able to get adequate exercise.  The aviary should be about 1.2 to 1.5 metres wide and about 2.1 metres high.  Heavy gauge wire is necessary, preferably galvanized weldmesh.  An aviary of up to 6 or 7 metres long is ideal.

To help relieve boredom and as a way of providing exercise, suitable bird toys can be placed in the aviary.  Most bird toys are designed to be chewed up and will require replacing after the birds have reduced them to splinters.  Aviary breeding birds will enjoy playing with and destroying bird toys just as much as pet birds.

Suitable non-toxic leafy branches can be placed in the aviary for the birds to chew up. This will entertain the birds, help minimize boredom and give the birds some beak exercise. Natural branches can be used for perches. These natural perches will be chewed by the birds and may need to be replaced regularly.

A pet or companion bird kept in a cage will require a period of regular time outside the cage so they can get adequate exercise and maintain good health.

Diet / Feeding:  Refer to " Feeding Birds " web page for general details on the feeding of Cockatoos or read on for specific details for this parrot.

Unlike many of the cockatoos, the Galahs in the wild mainly feed on the ground eating seeds, insects, fruits and vegetable matter.  In grain growing areas and farms it will eagerly consume spilled grains.  In the aviary the birds spend a lot of time on the ground.

As the Galah is prone to being overweight or obese, an aviary diet should restrict the amount of Sunflower and safflower seed.  Other seeds can include canary, corn, hulled oats, millet, milo, and wheat.  A quality commercial "small parrot" or parrot seed mix is commonly fed.

Other foods can include apple, almonds, peanuts, vegetables such as broccoli, corn, peas, endive and silverbeet.  Leafy green vegetables are essential to a balanced diet.  Small amounts of Plain Madeira cake can be added to a balanced diet.  Seeding grasses are eagerly consumed.  Many will eat insects such as grubs and mealworm larvae, pupa and beetles.  Dry dog food can be offered.

Commercial Parrot pellets can make up part of a balanced diet.

The seed pods, flowers and fruiting bodies on native trees such as eucalypts are eagerly consumed.  These items provide exercise and entertainment as well as some nutritional value.

Nesting:  A basic overview only.  Dimensions are typical / average and can vary widely, influenced by the owner's preferences and the birds preferences.  Parent bird's preferences can also be influenced by the size and type of nest-box / log in which the bird was hatched and reared.  If space allows, offering a choice of sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their own choice.  Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and been successful in it, offer that one to them each breeding season.  Try and keep that one for their exclusive use.  Once a pair has chosen its log or nest-box, the other ones can generally be removed.  If the "spare" boxes are to be removed and moved to another flight, ensure the log / nest-box is cleaned to ensure the receptacle has the minimal contamination of mites, parasites and pathogens.

A solid log is the preferred nest for large cockatoos.

  • Nesting months:  Varies depending in which state of Australia they are being bred.
  •  In the southern states of Australia breeding usually commence breeding in early Spring.
  • Log / Nest-box:
    • Length / depth  600 - 1000 mm (or approx. 24 - 40 inches)
    • Log internal diameter approx. 250 - 300 mm. (or approx. 10 - 12 inches)
    • Nest-box internal dimensions approx. 250 - 300 mm square (or approx. 10 - 12 inches square)
    • Diameter of entrance hole approx. 75 - 85mm (or approx. 3 - 3.5 inches)
    • Inspection hole (square or round) 100 mm (or approx 4 inches)
    • A removable top / lid can be a useful access point for inspections and for cleaning.
    • Location and height of log / nest-box = high in the covered part of the aviary but not too close to the roof to be affected by heat from the roof in the summer months.
    • Angle of log or nest box = Log or nest box can be vertical or on an angle of up to 45 degrees.
  • Nesting log / nest-box material: Decomposed non-toxic saw dust, wood shavings or other suitable material/s.  In the wild the birds may add eucalypt leaves to the nest, so if available, a supply of fresh leafy eucalypt branches can be placed in the aviary prior to breeding commencing.
  • Who incubates the egg/s: Hen / cock / both share.

Timber nest-boxes generally require a climbing structure attached inside the box below the entrance hole. Both logs and nests need an entrance hole/opening about 100mm (about 4 inches) from the top. Many species of parrots like the entrance hole to be just big enough to squeeze through.

More details on parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of parrot nestbox/log photos can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests" and "parrot nestbox photos" web pages.  Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests" and "parrot nestbox photos" in the navigation bars.

Breeding: Egg Colour White.  Clutch/s per year 1, sometimes 2.  Eggs per nest  2 - 6.  Incubation approx.  24 days.  Fledge approx.  6 - 8 weeks.  Independent approx. another 3 months.

In the wild they will nest close to other breeding pairs.  After fledging the young may form a crèche with the parents feeding their own young.

Not bred by many people in an aviary as young birds can be legally harvested from the wild.

Try and identify the correct sub-species of each bird prior to pairing up the birds and keep the sub-species pure.

Aviary bred birds are often hand-reared and sold to people for housing indoors as a pet or companion bird.

Artificial incubation and hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site.  It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.

Health Issues: Refer to "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.

  • Worming and parasite control and Quarantine requirements of new bird/s or sick bird/s are considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web site.  Refer "Avian Health Issues" web page option.
  • Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace.  Keep updating your knowledge and skills.

General References: Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.

Specific References:

  • Australian Aviculture
  • A/A Vol 53 No. 6 Jun 1999 Page 129-135 (Inc photos)
  • A/A Vol 46 No. 2 Feb 1992 Page 40-41
  • A/A Vol 44 No. 12 Dec 1990 Page 307-308 (Inc photo)
  • A/A Vol 35 No. 2 Feb 1981 Page 44-47
  • A/A Vol 34 No. 11 Nov 1980 Page 207-208
  • A/A Vol 29 No. 9 Sept 1975 Page 134-140 (Inc photo)
  • A/A Vol 16 No 12 Dec 1962 Page 157-158.
  • A/A Vol  8 No 6 Jun 1954 Page 71.
  • Australian Birdkeeper
  • ABK Vol 18 Issue 11. Oct-Nov 2005 Page 669-673 (Corellas & Cockatoos of  inland Australia)
  • ABK Vol 12 Issue 12. Dec-Jan 2000 Page 622-624
  • ABK Vol  9 Issue 3. Jun-July 1996 Page 124-126
  • ABK Vol  8 Issue 9. Jun-July 1995 Page 428-430
  • ABK Vol  4 Issue 7. Feb-Mar 1991 Page 299-303
  • ABK Vol  2 Issue 12. Dec-Jan 1990 Page 469

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