. Cut throat finch
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- Scientific Name: Amadina fasciata
- Common Name/s: CUT
THROAT FINCH, RIBBON FINCH.
- Sub Species in country / area of origin:
- Origin / Distribution: Drier parts
of southern and western Africa.
- Habitat In Wild: Prefers a
and has adapted to use farmlands and inhabited areas.
- Status In Wild: Secure
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
- Age To Sexual Maturity: About
- Best breeding years (estimate):
12 months - 5th year.
- Lifespan (estimate): Long
lived for a finch, 8 - 10 years is possible.
- Sexing: Monomorphic
The hen lacks the red band on the throat.
- Mutations: No
- Availability: Bird dealers
- Temperament: Popular bird and
More Cut throat finches are available than its close relative the
Aberdeen finch. Can be kept as a single pair in a mixed finch
colony but care should be taken to check that the Cut throats are
not being aggressive to smaller finches. Can be successfully bred as a colony
provided the sexes are evenly numbered.
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx.) $60
- Description Of Adults:
- Length: Approx.125 mm (or about 5 inches)
- Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer
photo/s above if available.
- Weight: Approx. 17 gms (or about 2/3 ozs)
on "Finches - Non Australian" web page
and use in conjunction with details
outlined on this page.
Level Of Knowledge Required:
/ Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations &
By-Laws: Refer to "Government Laws"
Housing Requirements: Click on "Housing birds"
web page for general details on the housing
of Non Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this finch.
The Cut throat finch likes a planted
aviary, but will breed in an unplanted aviary, but they can be bred in a
Canary style breeder cage of about 900mm long x 400mm high x 400mm deep
(36 x 16 x 16 inches). Only one breeding pair per cage.
Can be kept as a single pair in a mixed finch colony but care should
be taken to check that the Cut throats are not being aggressive to
smaller finches. Can be successfully bred as a colony provided the
sexes are evenly numbered.
Diet / Feeding:
Click on "Feeding birds"
web page for general details on the
nutrition of Non Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this
Cut throat finch requires a good quality finch mix and seeding grasses. Live food is
essential especially at breeding season. Mealworms are commonly
used. Small crickets can be used. Sprouted or soaked seed if available.
Leafy green vegetables can be
offered, e.g. silverbeet, cos lettuce & endive.
Basic seed mix should include Canary
seed, White French Millet, Japanese Millet, and Yellow and Red Panicum.
A basic overview only.
- Roosting nest:
- Nesting months: May
breed year round, although spring to autumn is preferable.
- Nesting receptacles:
Prefers an artificial nest in which to build its nest. i.e.
nest box or wicker/cane nest. To speed up the nest building
process, owners can partially fill the nest receptacle with dry
grasses and allow the birds to rearrange the grass material and line
the nest with feathers. Cut throats do not reuse the nest so
spare nest boxes must be available for the building of new nests for
Allowing the pairs to build their own nest, unassisted, is the best
- Nest: Both parents
build the nest out of grasses and other materials. Nest is lined
with feathers and soft fine grasses.
- Who incubates the eggs:
Hen / cock / both share.
Tend to use a lot of nesting material.
Adequate new nest material must be available for the parents to build a
new nest for the next clutch.
The Cut throat finch is generally tolerant of nest inspections.
Usually safe to leave the young birds in with the parents in an aviary.
Young must be removed when fully independent if bred in a cage.
More details on finch nests
and a selection of finch nest photos
can be located on the "nests", "finch nests"
and "finch nest photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "nests" then
"finch nests" and "finch nests photos" in
the navigation bars.
Egg Colour White. Clutch/s
per year 3 - 4. Eggs per nest 3 - 5. Incubation
approx. 13 days. Fledge approx 21 days.
Independent approx. another 2 - 3 weeks.
Cut throat finches will breed in an aviary or a large
canary style cage. Young birds (when they become fully
independent) must be removed when bred in a cage. Generally safe to
remove the young from the parent birds 2 - 3 weeks after they have left
Popular bird and easily bred. Usually
It is best to restrict the adult breeding pair to 3 or 4 clutches per
Will hybridize with the Aberdeen
Artificial incubation, hand rearing or fostering will not be
covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to be
attempted here. Refer "Specific References" as listed below and
"General References" listings.
Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control and Quarantine
requirements of new birds or sick birds are considered to
require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web
site. Refer above option - "Avian Health Issues"
- Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace. Keep
updating your knowledge and skills.
Refer to references listed on "Book
References" web page.
- Australian Aviculture
- A/A Vol 59 No. 11 Nov 2005 Page 255-259 (Background notes on
some African Waxbills).
- A/A Vol 29 No. 5 May 1975 Page 65-66
- A/A Vol 28 No. 4 Apr 1974 Page 60-63
- A/A Vol 27 No. 2 Feb 1973 Page 22-25
- A/A Vol 24 No. 2 Feb 1970 Page 22-24.
- A/A Vol 22 No 6 Jun 1968 Page 96-97.
- A/A Vol 20 No 6 Jun 1966 Page 85, 87-88 (Inc colour plate).
- A/A Vol 16 No 6 Jun 1962 Page 78-79 (Inc colour plate).
- A/A Vol 11 No 12 Dec 1957 Page 173-174.
- A/A Vol 11 No 1 Jan 1957 Page 1-2.
- A/A Vol 8 No 5 May 1954 Page 60.
- A/A Vol 8 No 4 Apr 1954 Page 46-47.
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 18 Issue 11. Oct-Nov 2005 Page 676-681 (What's
genetically pure and what's not)
- ABK Vol 1 Issue 5. Oct-Nov 1988 Page 143, 161
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